NEET (National Eligibility and Entrance Test) Exam Pattern 2018

Last Updated - March 22 2018

Aspirants appearing for the entrance exam must be aware of the kind of questions that are asked in NEET. The period is of 3 hours wherein students will have to attempt 180 questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology. NEET 2018 will cover both, class XI and class XII syllabus of these 3 subjects with equal weight given to all.

Participants should be clearly thorough with the Syllabus for NEET which is prescribed by MCI (Medical Council of India) and is mostly covered by the NCERT textbooks. The exam will be organizeed by CBSE in the offline method on May 10, 2018. It is a national level entrance exam for admission into MBBS and BDS across different colleges/universities in India. Check the latest notification announced for NEET to stay updated.

National Eligibility and Entrance Test Exam Format At a Glance 2018

Number of Questions180
Total Marks720
No. of questions in each sectionPhysics- 45, Chemistry- 45, Botany- 45, Zoology- 45
SyllabusPhysics, Chemistry and Biology syllabus of class XI and XII
Marking Scheme+ 4 for the accurate response -1 for inaccurate response 0 for no response 0 for more than one response
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Exam ModeOffline (pen and paper based)
Duration3 hours
NEET 2018 Exam DateMay 10, 2018
LanguagesEnglish, Hindi, Assamese, Kannada, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati

Exam Format of National Eligibility and Entrance Test 2018

The exam will be organizeed in the offline method where students will have to mark their answers on an OMR sheet. Here is a brief layout of the exam format Aspirants must Check paper analysis for NEET 2018 to learn more about the kind of questions asked in the exam and prepare accordingly.

  • 45 questions are assigned to Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology, each.
  • Chemistry generally comprises a volley of application-based questions, so it is essential to be thorough with basic concepts.
  • For each accurate response, 4 marks will be honoured. 1 mark will be deducted for every inaccurate response. No marks will be deducted for leaving a question unresponsive.
  • For NEET format questions try to solve as many Exercise Papers as you can. Check Question papers for NEET
  • NEET has a negative marking so aspirants are advised to not rely on guesswork and mark only those responses that they are sure of.
  • Last year, Biology was quite easy, but the difficulty level is expected to go up this year.
  • Physics is usually the toughest section with lengthy calculations so, students are advised to devote more time to this subject.
  • Paper Analysis has shown that the exam is moderately difficult with most of the questions being asked from NCERT.  
  • The paper will have just multiple-choice questions.

Question Paper Format

Before appearing for the exam, aspirants must be well versed in the question paper format. The exam comprises questions from the Physics, Chemistry and Biology syllabus of class XI and XII. Both Physics and Chemistry have 45 questions each. Biology is divided into Botany and Zoology with 45 questions in each section. Overall, Biology has 90 questions in the exam.

SubjectNo. of QuestionsMaximum Marks
Physics45180
Chemistry45180
Zoology45180
Botany45180

Marking Scheme of NEET 2018

NEET employs negative marking where one mark is deducted for every wrong response. If more than one response is marked by the aspirant, no marks will be honoured for that particular question to be very cautiously while marking your answers. It is recommended to leave the questions you’re not sure about since no marks will be deducted for unresponsive questions. Check out the marking scheme given below for a better idea of the question paper.

Accurate Response+4
Inaccurate response-1
No response0
More than one response marked0

How to calculate NEET Score?

For every accurate response, the aspirant has honoured 4 marks and for every inaccurate response, 1 mark is deducted.

NEET Score= (Accurate responses X 4) – (Inaccurate responses X 1)

Exercise these sample question papers for a better understanding of the exam.

Physics Exam Format of NEET 2018

Since Physics is the toughest out of all 3 subjects, aspirants are often intimidated by this section. Mechanics is the most important topic carrying maximum weightage. These two cover a major chunk of the Physics paper. Another important topic is Electrodynamics from which you can expect nearly 9-10 questions. However, with the right preparation, you can glide via it with ease. Aspirants can check out the Paper Analysis for Physics for scoring well in this section.

Since the past few years, the difficulty level of this section has been high. Though the section has both, theoretical and numerical questions, most of the questions involve calculations that were lengthy. Rigorous exercise will make you adept at solving such questions in lesser time. It is imperative to remember all the formulas, otherwise, this section will give you a hard time.

Pro Tip- Do not ignore the ‘Points to Ponder’ section at the end of each chapter and the examples given in NCERT. A lot of questions are asked from these two sections of the book.


Chemistry Exam Format of NEET 2018

Chemistry is regarded as a moderately difficult section in the paper and the level only increases every year. The numerical is not very long but they test your grasp over basic concepts. Organic Chemistry has gradually received more prominence than Inorganic Chemistry and nearly 16-17 questions are expected from it in the exam. NEET 2017 saw more questions from the class XII syllabus. Over the years, application based questions have increased in number.

This section has a blend of conceptual and application-based questions. There are also a few questions where two various concepts are intertwined into a single question. Questions from class XI were quite direct but those from class XII were tricky. A lot of questions are asked from NCERT so make sure you’re through with all the concepts given in the textbook. You can also take a look at the Paper Analysis of last 10 Years for Chemistry.

Pro Tip- Pay more attention to Chemical Bonding and Coordination Compounds. They take a lot of time and carry maximum weightage. Refer to some extra books for a better understanding of the concepts.


Biology Exam Format of NEET 2018

Biology is relatively easier than the other two subjects but doesn’t take it lightly because the questions get tougher every year. NEET 2017 saw more questions from class XII syllabus, nearly 46 out of 90. The paper comprises 45 questions each from Botany and Zoology. Maximum questions are asked from NCERT so students should spend more time on that instead of reference books.

The syllabus for Biology is vast. There will also be a few questions from Biotechnology so aspirants must not ignore that section of the syllabus. NCERT is the stabilisation text for this subject since questions are picked up straight from the textbook. The trick here is to first target the topics with maximum weightage. Here are a few tips to prepare for the Biology paper in NEET.

Pro Tip- Human Physiology is an extremely important topic carrying high weightage. Genetics too has been a hot favourite of NEET and along with Human Physiology, they both cover nearly 30 questions in the Biology section.


The language of Question Paper for NEET 2018

The question paper will be available in Hindi and English in all the centres. However, if the aspirant has chosen a vernacular language while filling the application form, then the centre will be allotted accordingly. Here is a list of languages and the centres in which they are available.

LanguagesExamination Cities
English and HindiAll examination cities
English, Hindi and TeluguAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
English, Hindi and BengaliWest Bengal
English, Hindi and KannadaKarnataka
English, Hindi and GujaratiGujarat, Daman, Dadar & Nagar Haveli
English, Hindi and TamilTamil Nadu
English, Hindi and MarathiMaharashtra
English, Hindi and AssamAssam
English, Hindi and OriyaOdisha

FAQs for National Eligibility and Entrance Test 2018

Ques. Will National Eligibility and Entrance Testexam be organizeed online?

Ques. Will National Eligibility and Entrance Test have descriptive questions?

Ques. I am not comfortable with the English language; can I take National Eligibility and Entrance Test exam in any other language?

Ques. Can I appear to opt for Bengali medium in National Eligibility and Entrance Test in Delhi?

Ques. How many questions will be there is National Eligibility and Entrance Test?

Ques. How will many questions from Physics be asked in National Eligibility and Entrance Test?

Ques. What are the maximum marks in National Eligibility and Entrance Test exam?

Ques. Is there a provision of negative marking for inaccurate questions in NEET?

Ans. Yes, for each inaccurate answer, 1 mark will be deducted from your total score.

Ques. Is there negative marking for un-attempted questions in National Eligibility and Entrance Test?

Ques. How much time will I be given to clear the exam?

Ans. You will be given 3 hours (180 minutes) to clear the exam.

Ques. Are there any sectional time limits in National Eligibility and Entrance Test?

Ques. Will I be offered stationery inside the exam hall?

Ans. Yes, you do not required to carry anything except Hall Ticket and Photographs inside the examination hall. A pen to mark your responses will be offerd inside the exam hall.

Ques. Where can I do rough work during National Eligibility and Entrance Test exam?

Ques. What if I opt for English medium and I am unable to understand a question in the exam? Will be I am given a translated version of such question?

Ques. I opted for Hindi medium, but the translation of a question is not done properly (in English). What will be done in this situation?


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