Biotechnology is covered in different engineering disciplines like Bioinformatics, Biomedical engineering and in biotechnology itself. Exam format for GATE Biotechnology is same as that of Biomedical and Bioinformatics. GATE will be organizeed in the online method as a Computer Based Test and will have multiple-choice questions. Aspirants will be given 3 hours to clear the exam.
GATE Exam Format will consist of total 65 questions and an aspirant can score maximum 100 marks in the exam. No marks will be deducted for any wrong response. GATE will be held in 2 shifts (Morning and Afternoon).
It is very important for an aspirant to know the GATE 2017 Exam Format so that he or she can know the type and number of questions asked in the exam.
GATE 2018 for Biotechnology program will have questions from topics such as Engineering Mathematics, Biotechnology, Recombinant DNA Technology, Plant and Animal Biotechnology and Bioprocedure Engineering and Procedure Biotechnology. to study these topics, aspirants can refer to the best Preparation Books for GATE.
Section-wise syllabus of GATE 2018 is explained below.
|Linear Algebra||Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors|
|Calculus||Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier series|
|Differential Equations||Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Laplace transforms, PDE- Laplace, heat, and wave equations|
|Probability and Statistics||Mean, median, method and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression analysis|
|Numerical Methods||Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Integration of trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, Single and multi-step methods for differential equation|
|Microbiology||Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Microbial nutrition, growth, and control; Microbial metabolism (aerobic and anaerobic respiration, photosynthesis); Nitrogen fixation; the Chemical basis of mutations and mutagens; Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation); Microbial diversity and characteristic features; Viruses.|
|Biochemistry||Biomolecules and their conformation; Weak inter-molecular interactions in biomacromolecules; Chemical and functional nature of enzymes; Kinetics of a single substrate and bi-substrate-enzyme-catalyzed reactions; Bioenergetics; Metabolism (Glycolysis, TCA, and Oxidative phosphorylation); Membrane transport and pumps; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell signalling and signal transduction.|
|Molecular Biology and Genetics||Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; DNA replication and control; Transcription and its control; Translational procedures; Regulatory controls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extrachromosomal inheritance; Chromosomal variation; Population genetics; Transposable elements, Molecular basis of genetic diseases and applications.|
|Analytical Techniques||Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; Centrifugation- high-speed and ultra; Principles of spectroscopy-UV, visible, CD, IR, FTIR, Raman, MS, NMR; Principles of chromatography- ion exchange, gel filtration, hydrophobic interaction, affinity, GC, HPLC, FPLC; Electrophoresis; Microarray|
|Immunology||The origin of Immunology; Inherent immunity; Humoral and cell-mediated immunity; Primary and secondary lymphoid organ; Antigen; B and T cells and Macrophages; Major histocompatibility complex (MHC); Antigen procedures and presentation; Synthesis of antibody and secretion; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Polyclonal and monoclonal antibody; Complement; Antigen-antibody reaction; Regulation of immune answer; Immune tolerance; Hypersensitivity; Autoimmunity; Graft versus host reaction.|
|Bioinformatics||Major Bioinformatics resources (NCBI, EBI, ExPASy); Sequence and structure databases; Sequence analysis (Bio-molecular sequence file patterns, scoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny); Genomics and Proteomics (Large-scale genome sequencing strategies; Comparative genomics; Understanding DNA microarrays and protein arrays); Molecular modeling and simulations (basic concepts including concept of force fields)|
Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors: plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation; Gene cloning; Expression of cloned gene; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; Polymerase chain reactions; DNA fingerprinting; Southern and northern blotting; In- situ hybridization; RAPD; RFLP; Site-directed mutagenesis; Gene transfer technologies; Gene therapy.
As there will be various papers for different branches, so aspirants must solve GATE Exercise Papers to focus on understanding for an extensive preparation.help the candidates to score well in the exam.
It is very important for an aspirant to exercise GATE 2018 Earlier Year Papers for Biotechnology so that they can idea regarding the type of questions asked in the exam. Take a note of the errors done and try not to repeat them again. It also helps in improving the speed of the aspirant. The aspirant must exercise using a stopwatch to improve the speed.
Advisable Books for GATE 2018
Aspirants can exercise from some of the best books advisable for GATE 2018 mentioned below:
GATE 2018 exam will have Virtual Calculator for the aspirants for making calculation during the exam. Apart from practising earlier years’ papers, aspirants must also learn to use GATE 2018 Virtual Calculator. It was first introduced last year for the aspirants as they brought a physical calculator for making calculations during the exam and also to reduce the chances of cheating via unfair means.
GATE judges an aspirant’s expertise in specific fields. Aspirants can go via the syllabus of other papers as well from the table below:
|Aerospace Engineering||AE||Mechanical Engineering||ME|
|Agricultural Engineering||AG||Metallurgical Engineering||MT|
|Civil Engineering||CE||Mining Engineering||MN|
|Chemical Engineering||CH||Petroleum Engineering||PE|
|Computer Science and Information Technology||CS||Production and Industrial Engineering||PI|
|Electronics and Communication||EC||Textile Engineering and Fibre Science||TF|
|Electrical Engineering||EE||Engineering Sciences||XE|