Exam Pattern of CLAT (Updated) 2018

Last Updated - February 12 2018

Exam Pattern of CLAT (Updated) 2018

Common Law Admission Test will be organised in the online method by NUALS Kochi. CLAT Exam Format is designed to check a aspirants knowledge of English, Logical Reasoning, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, and Mathematics. In order to crack law entrance examination, it is important to understand the exam format and attempt all the sections with proficiency. Download Free CLAT Sample Papers


What is Exam Format of CLAT?

Each year, the organizing body prescribes the pattern of the Common Law Admission Test. The following infographic highlights the exam format of CLAT 2018.

 
Exam ModeOnline (CBT- Computer Based Test)
LanguageEnglish
Time Duration

LLB & LLM Program: 2 hours each

Questions TypeObjective Type (MCQs)
Total Sections

LLB Program – 5 sections

LLM Program – 3 sections

CLAT Marking Scheme+1 for accurate response; -0.25 for inaccurate response 

Check CLAT 2018 Cut Off


Exam Format of CLAT for LLB

The paper format varies for both the programs. Listed below is the format for CLAT LLB Program:

  • There are 5 sections in LLB exam. They are as follows :
    1. English (including Comprehension)
    2. General Knowledge & Present Affairs
    3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)
    4. Legal Aptitude and
    5. Logical Reasoning

Tabulated below is the highlight of CLAT LLB Paper Format:

CLAT LL.B. FormatDetails
Maximum Questions200
Maximum Marks 200
Period of CLAT 20182 hours
Nature of QuestionsObjective Type
Negative Marking0.25 Mark

Section-wise Distribution for LL.B.

The section-wise distribution of question in the undergraduate paper is given below:

SectionTotal QuestionsMaximum Marks
English (including Comprehension)4040
GK and Present Affairs5050
Elementary Mathematics2020
Legal Aptitude5050
Logical Reasoning4040
Total200 Questions200 Marks

Syllabus for Under Graduate Course of CLAT

CLAT Syllabus for the Under Graduate program covers questions from General Knowledge & Present Affairs, Legal Aptitude, English, Mathematics, Logical Reasoning. The GK and Legal Aptitude section will carry the highest weighting in the law entrance exam.

The details regarding each course in order of their weight is offered below for the reference of students:

In General Knowledge & Present Affairs 

  • The syllabus is usually very vast and varied for this section.
  • Some of the frequently asked topics are mentioned below for reference:
    1. Outline of Indian Economy 
    2. National Income of India 
    3. Indian Tax Structure 
    4. Major Industries in India
    5. Banking & Finance
  • This section will comprise questions from both General Knowledge as well as Present Affairs.
  • The questions on GK will test the knowledge of aspirants on some of the prominent aspects of general knowledge.
  • Present Affairs section will comprise questions on some of the important topics of national and international affairs.

In Legal Aptitude

This section will test aspirants’ ability and interest towards understanding and solving issues of legal nature. They will have to apply their research aptitude and reasoning to solve different legal propositions.

  • This section will cover the following topics:
    1. Legal fundamentals and terms 
    2. Legal Maxims and Important Landmarks 
    3. Supreme Court Judgments

In English including Comprehension 

This section aims to test the grammatical knowledge of aspirants. It will also comprise passage of approximately 300-400 words. The questions will focus on making corrections in sentences that are grammatically incorrect, jumbled sentences, idioms, and phrases etc. Aspirants have to response questions based on the main theme of the passage as well as some of the keywords current in the passage.

  • Some of the important topics to be covered under this section are:
    1. Comprehension Passages 
    2. Subject-Verb Agreement 
    3. Noun 
    4. Pronoun 
    5. Adjective and Determinants 
    6. Adverb
    7. Active Passive Voice
Know How to prepare for English Section?

In Logical Reasoning 

The section on Logical Reasoning is aimed at checking aspirant’s ability to analyze formats and arguments. Aspirants will have to understand different conditions set in questions and deduce accurate conclusions. This would comprise questions on syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc.

  • The important topics under this section are:
    1. Logical Puzzles 
    2. Statement Conclusions Derivation of Conclusions 
    3. Cause & Effect Reasoning 
    4. Statements Assumptions and Statement Arguments    
Know How to prepare for Logical Reasoning?

In Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 

In this section, aspirants will be asked to response questions based on class 10th Mathematics syllabus (elementary mathematics). It will test aspirant’s ability to be correct and quick with numbers and calculations.

  • The key topics in this section are:
    1. Numbers
    2. HCF and LCM 
    3. Fractions
    4. Logarithms
    5. Percentage
    6. Time &Distance
    7. Ratio & Proportion
Know How to prepare for Mathematics?

Exam Format for LL.M. of CLAT 2018

CLAT 2018 for Post Graduate programs will encompass topics from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. The exam will have objective type questions.

Tabulated below are the highlights of CLAT LLM Exam:

Maximum Questions150
Maximum Marks150
Period of CLAT 20182 hours
Nature of QuestionsObjective Type
Negative Marking0.25 marks for each wrong response

Section-wise Distribution for LL.M.

The question paper for postgraduate courses will have a total of 150 objective type questions. Distribution of questions in each section is indicated in the infographic below: 

SectionTotal QuestionsMaximum Marks
Constitutional Law5050
Jurisprudence5050
Other Law Subjects5050
Total150 Questions150 Marks

Syllabus for Post Graduate Course of CLAT 2018

Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence will both have an equal weightage of 50 marks each in the question paper. The details regarding Constitutional law and Jurisprudence is given below for reference: Whereas, the rest of the questions will be coming from various topics like Criminal law, International Law, etc.

  • Constitutional Law consists different rules, exercises, and doctrines that govern the functioning of a modern state and other political communities. Aspirants will be asked questions based on concepts that they have studied in their graduation.
  • Jurisprudence in a broad sense can be called the “philosophy of law”. It is classified into three disciplines - analytical, sociological, and theoretical. The questions in this section will be set on the basis of the syllabus prescribed in the graduation degree course.
  • International Law as a subject is focused on the set of legal guidelines and contracts that govern the relations between two states or nations. International Laws can be broadly classified into Public International law, Private International Law and Supranational Law.
  • Contract can be referred to as a piece of legal document which is a mutual agreement made by two or more parties, enforceable by law. Important judgements made by Supreme Court and High Court in relation to modern day commercial activities form a very crucial part of this subject.
  • The Tort Law is comparatively a recent common law development in India based on codifying statutes including statutes concerned to damages. Some of the crucial tortious obligations like Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation should be revised in detail.
  • Criminal Law, also known as Penal Law is aimed at regulation of Social code of organizing and debarkation of any antisocial activity that poses a threat to the safety, property, health and moral welfare of citizens. Significant topics on principles of criminal liability and men's rea (“guilty mind” in Criminal Law) should be given special attention.

Preparation Books for CLAT 2018

CLAT is a topmost competitive law entrance exam and it requires a thorough revision of all the topics. There is no right time to start for the exam, but it is always better to start as soon as you decide to sit for the exam. Hence, it becomes important for an aspirant to prepare a schedule, know where all they should study for CLAT. Check How to prepare for CLAT

Aspirants can refer following books to prepare for CLAT 2018: 

Name of the BookAuthorSubject
Word Power Made EasyNorman LewisEnglish
Objective General English R. S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations R. S. AggarwalMathematics
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Exam 6th Edition Abhijit Guha
Legal Aptitude For The CLAT - Workbook: A Workbook A.P. BhardwajLegal Aptitude
A Modern Approach To Logical ReasoningR. S. AggarwalLogical Reasoning
Analytical ReasoningM K Pandey
Manorama Yearbook 2017 (English)Mammen MathewGeneral Knowledge
Quick Reference General KnowledgeEdgar Thorpe

Paper Analysis of CLAT 2018

For the academic session 2017-18, CLAT 2017 was organizeed on May 14, 2017, for both Under Graduate & Post Graduate Courses. CLAT Result was declared on May 29, 2017. The question paper was similar to earlier year format comprising of following section-wise distribution:-

SectionNumber of QuestionsGood AttemptGood ScoreDifficulty Level
English4035 – 3631 – 32Easy
General  Knowledge5030- 32

26 – 27

Moderate
Elementary Mathematics2010 - 119 - 10Moderate
Legal Aptitude5039 – 4034 -35Easy-Moderate
Logical Reasoning4034 – 3530 – 32Easy-Moderate

A brief about CLAT Paper Analysis 2017 is as follows:

English Section

  • It comprised 1 comprehension passage with 10 questions based on it, identifying a grammatical mistake in questions, questions on idioms, migratory words and spelling errors and some vocabulary based questions.
  • The section was divided into 4 types of questions.
  • This section was one of the easiest section.

General Knowledge Section

  • And there were 15 questions from General Awareness section.
  • In this section, 35 questions were based on Present Affairs
Check Detailed CLAT Paper Analysis 2018

Legal Aptitude Section

  • Overall students felt the questions did not require any prior knowledge to solve this section
  • There were questions from contracts, torts and other types of law questions.
  • 15 questions out of 50 were quite easy to attempt.

Logical Reasoning

  • In most of the questions, 2 options were such that it was easily decodable that they are not the accurate option. So students had to choose response only from 2 options.
  • In this section, 23 questions were of a verbal type and 17 questions were from the Analytical part.


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