JEE Main 2020 Material, Study Plan and Preparation Strategy

Last Updated - February 17 2018


As the popular adage goes, ‘The secret to getting ahead is getting started’. Out of this, the top 2.2 lakhs get shortlisted for JEE Advanced. JEE Main is taken up by approximately 12 lakh aspirants every year. All those presently in 11th and 12th standard aspiring for IIT JEE 2020, gear up as it’s time to begin your preparation and we’ll let you know why and how.  With a number of aspirants for Joint Entrance Examination increasing each year, the competition is getting all the tougher.

It is the suitable time to start building your concepts and developing your thought procedure for cracking JEE Main. All IIT JEE 2020 candidates must start putting together the strategies mentioned further. The article offers an insight into all the important information, including exam format, syllabus, study material, preparation tips and tricks and solves all such queries.

JEE Main is one of the most strenuous national level entrance exam, organized by CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) each year, for aspirants want admission to B.E./ B.Tech and B.Arch courses. While Paper-1 of the Engineering entrance is the gateway to different IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs for B.E./B.Tech courses, aspirants can secure admission in B.Arch course with Paper-2.

JEE Main 2020 is scheduled to take place offline in the first week of April 2020. However, the computer-based method will tentatively be held either in the second or third week. Aspirants must score 75% and above at the 10+2 level to be applicable for the exam. Check JEE Main Eligibility Criteria

Before you begin with your preparation, you must check the eligibility alongside being equipped with the paper format and syllabus, both of which have been said next.

JEE Main 2020 Syllabus & Exam Format

Number of Papers: 2

Period of Exam: 3 hours (Both paper-1 and paper-2)

Course: Paper 1 is for the aspirants appearing for B.E/B.Tech and Paper 2 for B.Planning/B.Arch candidates.

Type of Questions: Questions in JEE Main Paper 1 will be objective. While Paper 2, drawing questions will be subjective.

Total Number of Questions: Paper-1 consists of 90 questions and Paper-2 will include 82 questions for 360 and 390 marks respectively.

Sections:  Paper 1 comprises Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics with 30 questions in each section. While, paper 2 comprises 50 questions for Aptitude Test, 30 questions in Mathematics and 2 for Drawing Test.

The medium of Exam: The exam will be held in Hindi and English. Aspirants appearing from Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli can also choose Gujarati as the medium of JEE Main paper.

Marking Scheme: +4 marks for every accurate response while -1 for every inaccurate response (Both paper 1 and 2)

JEE Main 2020 Syllabus

We have mentioned all important topics of PCM for JEE Main 2020. Aspirants must cover all these of class 11th and 12th level.

Physics – Waves & Sound, Geometrical Optics, Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Rotational Dynamics, Dimensional Analysis, Gravitation & Electrostatics, Present Electricity & Heat Transfer, Electromagnetic Induction.

Chemistry – Chemical bonding, Mole concept & the concept of equivalents, Redox reactions, Electrochemistry, Thermodynamics, Qualitative analysis, Chemical equilibrium in physical chemistry, Carbonyl Compounds & their derivatives in organic chemistry and Coordination chemistry.

Mathematics – Limits, Continuity and Differentiability, Application of derivatives, Definite integral in calculusCircles, and Family of Circles, Sequence and Series, Probability, vectors, Hyperbola in coordinate geometry, FunctionsQuadratic equations and expressions, Complex numbers, Matrices, Parabola, Inverse Trigonometric Functions.

Exercise all the topics/concepts thoroughly from NCERT books at first. Once, you are done with NCERT, you can solve problems from different other books which have been talked about in the following section.

Read More JEE Main Syllabus

JEE Main 2020 Prepare With Coaching or Without Coaching?

JEE Main 2020 is a tough nut to crack and for their benefit, many aspirants join a coaching institute which has also become a trend. Joining a coaching institute does help a lot but it isn’t necessary. The coaching material will help you form a strong base for IIT JEE 2020. If you are comfortable pursuing in such a way, you must join a reputed one like FIITJEE. You would have to follow a particular study format set by the respective institutes and plan your study accordingly.

But, if you cannot stand such a format, don’t forget self-study is always the best option. We have devised different self-pursuing strategies for your convenience which have been mentioned in the following section.

Self-pursuing will prove to be as advantageous as joining a coaching institute considering you plan your timetable well and follow the same rigorously. In the meanwhile, you can prepare for different Olympiads and exams like NTSE (National Talent Search Examination) which will strengthen your skills and knowledge from the grass root level. This will also aid in the preparation for your board exams.

Since you are preparing with an at least time frame of 2 years, you are already at an edge over other students who start their preparation at a later stage. All that is valued will be your hard work and dedication. So, stay motivated, prepare well and joining a coaching institute or not is your own judgment.

JEE Main 2020 Self-Pursuing Strategies

After having all the knowledge regarding exam format and syllabus, aspirants should start their preparation for IIT JEE 2020 well in time. You must formulate a time-table irrespective of whether you join any coaching or not and rigorously follow it each day. Mentioned below are some well-formulated strategies that will help aspirants crack JEE Main 2020 with a good AIR.

  1. Without any confusion regarding what to start with, begin preparing for your favorite subject. It will not only boost your confidence to prepare well for IIT JEE but also, you’ll enjoy pursuing.
  2. Follow a routine and make a timetable giving equal importance to all the subjects - Maths, Physics, and Chemistry. Make sure you achieve your daily or weekly targets.
  3. Never ‘measure’ the number of hours of your study. What matters is all that you study with full concentration whenever you study. Remember, quality over quantity. However, at least study hours of 6-7 hours each day are preferred.
  4. Switch to other JEE study material only after completing preparation from your NCERTS. Never undermine them as their solved examples and summary are of great help.
  5. Regularity is a must. So, assignments and homework must be done without fail. Do not neglect what’s happening presently in your coaching/preparation in order to improve earlier concepts or backlogs.
  6. Problem-solving should be your habit. If you’re stuck on a harder problem, start solving the easy ones. When small problems get resolved, your morale is already boosted and this will push you to do more!
  7. Adopt the right way to exercise IIT JEE problems. Focus on Concepts, Exercise, Speed, and Accuracy.
  8. Appear for mock tests, and assess yourself regularly. Evaluate your performance on each test and analyze if there’s anything you can do to improve your score. Don’t repeat your errors.
  9. Never leave your doubts unresolved and making own notes is always preferable.
  10. It is always recommended to make a separate notebook containing your errors. Whenever you make any error in mock test or forget a concept or formula etc. note it down in this notebook. Revise from this regularly and this will help you score higher.
  11. For efficient preparation, consistent revision is necessary. Your notes will help you during your revision time.

Alongside these strategies, your passion, determination, and motivation will help you crack IIT JEE 2020. Work hard and maintain your consistency.

JEE Main 2020 Subject-Wise Strategy

Planning and strategy shouldn’t be time-consuming. However, the time-consuming part should be the action. For your ease, we have devised subject-wise strategies for your reference that will help you crack the Engineering entrance exam.


Understanding concepts and solving problems are the keys to score well in Physics. Tighten your grip on the basics of the subject rather than memorizing the formulas. While preparing, master the concepts before you start solving questions. Numerical problems and conceptual questions, both are important for JEE.

"Try to understand the purpose of setting a question. Also, realize that no question is unsolvable, but some questions take a lot of efforts than others. Be open-minded; and every now and then, you will come across a beautiful solution." The person who created the question expected that the problem will test a certain concept.

- Adhish Majumdar (IIT-Delhi).


Mathematics requires immense exercise and you must ensure that concepts and formulae are at your fingertips. Mathematics is not just solving, it required little visualization skills too. Know every possible shortcut and formula.

"Work on the theory really well. At least understand what the basic idea is. A working amount of memory is needed to recall the formulas and methods. You will have to remember the bulk of stuff in the beginning. What is its significance? Where is it applied? Why are we doing so? So don’t go in with the expectation that everything is just thought and understanding-oriented. With time it will eject out as a reflex." What are we calculating?

- Rajanish Kumar Upadhyay (IIT Mandi).


Complete NCERT thoroughly and you’re done with the basics of your Inorganic Chemistry. Constantly revise your reactions and formulae in free time. Make appropriate notes for each chapter and study all reaction mechanisms and remember all named reactions.

On the other hand, for Physical Chemistry, read from NCERT and have your concepts clarified. After you are done with the chapter, write down all equations from the chapter in a notebook for speedy reference while solving problems.

JEE Main 2020 Study Material to be Referred

It is always suggested to take help from books to get clarity of concepts. These will help you prepare well as it’ll give you the idea for the exam. Here is the list of books for each subject that you must refer to while preparing for JEE Main 2020. These are the ones advisable by different IITians and teachers.

Books for Physics

After you read the NCERT Physics, you can study from H.C. Verma's book. It includes lots of questions at the end of each chapter graded in difficulty level.

Simultaneously, Halliday, Resnick and Walker's book consists of conceptual questions within each chapter and one must make an all-out effort to response each of them. This book has the very high reputation worldwide.

I.E. Irodov's book is very useful for problems in Mechanics and Electromagnetism for the IIT JEE Preparation. It is considered to be one of the toughest books.

  • University Physics by Freedman and Young
  • Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick, and Walker
  • Concepts of Physics by H. C. Verma
  • Problems in General Physics by I. E. Irodov

Check More Important books for JEE Main

Books for Chemistry

Chemistry is classified into General Chemistry with a huge emphasis on Physical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. Since Chemistry section focuses on a lot of concept-based questions, one must refer these books to get more clarity on the concepts.

  • Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by RC Mukherjee
  • University Chemistry by Freedman and Young for Physical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry by Solomons and Fryhle for Organic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd for Organic Chemistry
  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J. D. Lee for Inorganic Chemistry

Books for Mathematics

Thomas and Finney’s book is an excellent book for beginners as its very basic and starting out with Calculus. It includes very good geometrical interpretations of derivative etc.

Books by Loney are all-time international classics and one must give their hundred percent to solve the problems.

Piskunov's book is basically a standard textbook of calculus with challenging problems in Mathematics. One requires exercising as much as possible from the IIT Mathematics books by Das Gupta.

  • Problems Plus in IIT Mathematics by A Das Gupta
  • Differential and Integral Calculus by N. Piskunov
  • Coordinate Geometry by S.L. Loney
  • IIT Mathematics by M.L. Khanna
  • Higher Algebra by Hall and Knight for Algebra
  • Calculus and Analytic Geometry by Thomas and Finney for Calculus
  • Course in Mathematics for IIT-JEE by Tata McGraw Hill publications
  • Trigonometry by S L Loney

Apart from referring to these books, candidates must solve mock tests after they are done with their preparation to get a better idea of the paper format. Exercise enough mock tests so as to strengthen your skills. CBSE will announce the mock tests a month prior to the scheduled exam date.

Prepare for IIT JEE 2020 with Toppers Blogs

With pursuing online attracting huge audience in today’s time, you will be glad to hear that you can take help from IIT toppers blogs while you are busy evaluating your questions for JEE 2020 preparation, IIT blogs are mostly written by IIT alumni and it features their individual experiences, special tips, easier methods of pursuing, kind words, guidance and other such relevant stuff.

  • Shitikanth’s Blog

Shitikanth Kashyap who secured an AIR-1 in JEE 2008 owns this blog, This extensive blog guides you on creating plans on how to master your JEE preparation, advice on coaching, detailed description on which books to follow and what to avoid during preparation. Covering the best problem-solving methods and revision methods, this blog also has a spin-off in the name of Srikanth's blog- Advisable Books for IIT JEE Preparation.

  • Aman’s Blog

Owned by IIT-Bombay Alumni, Aman Goel, AIR-33, JEE Advanced 2013, this blog is a clear guide for JEE Mains exam. In order to attain a good rank, prepare your papers according to this blog. Many students claim it is an interesting read. This blog contains a mini e-book “A Guide to get a top 50 rank in JEE”. You can refer to important books which can be referred to while preparing for JEE Main along with links to the solved question papers of the earlier year of JEE exams.

  • Spanedea

Shubham Bhartiya, an IIT-Bombay Alumni maintains this blog wherein he advises all JEE candidates on the dos and don’ts of JEE Main preparation. The IIT-Bombay alumni presently study in IIT and keep sharing his regular experiences and advice the students on various topics.

  • Navin Kabra’s Blog

Navin Kabra secured an AIR-14 rank in IIT JEE 1988. In his blog, he suggests expert ways in which the students can score well without taking any coaching. It also covers many individual experiences and how it sets him apart in his journey to become a popular IITian blogger. His blog is an appropriate example of how a JEE candidate can score well in JEE Mains without any coaching.

  • Preparation Tips for IIT JEE Candidates at Each Level – by IIT Kanpur Student

Aditya Singhal, establisher of askIITians is the owner of this blog. It is an online based educational portal. Along with this, one can also find various problem-solving exercises, revision strategies and quick tips to excel JEE Main. It also mentions various important books for Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry preparation. Various strategies on how to prepare for JEE exams are covered in this blog.

All those who think to drop a year and then start their preparation is a good idea must have a changed mindset now as one can crack JEE Main with a good AIR without wasting a year.

Now that all your queries for the entrance exam preparation have been resolved, start yours well in time. Remember, your perseverance, hard work and dedication will definitely take you a long way. Good luck!

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